TRADE AND MARKET I NG World potato output tops 400 million tonnes and is heading for half a billion up to 100% in the coming years, so we can expect future rapid growth in area and yields. The most rapid growth in the last few years has been in India’s neighbour Bangladesh, where yields have increased by 47.4%, the area is up 20.5% and production up 73.6% between 2009 and 2015. Significant growth in North Africa Outside the top ten, there has been significant growth in north Africa production. Egyptian production was up by 35% to nearly 5 million tonnes, driven by an increase in potato area from 138,000 hectares to 184,000ha. Meanwhile, Algerian production more than doubled to 4.5 million hectares in the six-year period, with yields up 46%. EU production increasingly concentrating A look at production in the European Union also demonstrates how yields are developing in less established potato countries. Between 2012 and 2015 production in the 28 countries of the EU is expected to increase by 6.5%, according to World Potato Markets estimates, but a 15.0% increase in yields will compensate for a 7.2% drop in the potato area to just 1.67 million hectares. EU production is increasingly concentrating in the five north western growing countries – Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands and UK, with 62% of all EU output expected in these five in 2017 up from 57.7% in 2012. This concentration is just as much to do with a reduction in area in countries outside the five as an increase in area in the five. EU-5 area may have increased by 5.3% in the six years, but it has fallen by 3.3% in the 10 other older members of the EU such as Denmark, Ireland, Italy, Spain and Austria and by a massive 21.6% in 13 newer EU countries such as Romania, Production in the top ten potato producing countries Production in tonnes 2015 % change World* China India* Russia Ukraine USA Germany Bangladesh France Netherlands Poland 2009 Poland, Hungary, the Baltic States and Cyprus. Strikingly, the reduced area in these 13 countries has been accompanied by a 15.6% increase in yields as production becomes more concentrated and professional. A similar trend is happening in the EU-10, although not to quite the same extent. What is happening in the EU is being mirrored across the world, with production being maintained or increased not through an increase in area, but an increase in yields. If that can continue, then potatoes will be increasingly seen as an excellent food for feeding a growing world population. World Potato Markets is an essential weekly briefing on world potato production, trade and prices. See more at www.worldpotatomarkets.com for a free trial, email info@worldpotatomarkets. com or call +44 1892 543444. ● Area in 'million hectares 2015 % change 390 16,5 334,7 19,1 94,9 29,5 73,3 49 42,4 33,6 8,0 20,8 20 5,5 34,4 5,6 19,7 10,4 9,2 73,6 7,1 6,6 6,3 -2,7 -8,3 31,1 2,1 1,3 2,0 19,6 0,43 -10,3 11,6 0,24 5,3 7,3 -35,1 Source: UN FAO and World Potato Markets. Note: * = estimates EU potato production by main groupings Production in tonnes 2017f % change EU-28 EU-5 EU-10 EU-13 57,6 35,7 12,9 62,0 Source: World Potato Markets estimates 14,4 2012 6,5 54,1 Area in 'million hectares 2017f % change 1,67 9 4,7 8,6 0,29 -9,2 14,2 7,5 0,58 57,7 -7,2 -21,6 2012 31,2 0,8 5,3 0,76 -3,3 0,3 Yield in tonnes/hectare 2017f % change 1,8 34,5 15,0 44,6 8,3 31,6 10,1 47,9 13,5 42,2 129,3 0,74 22,2 15,6 -5,9 2012 30 41,2 28,7 19,2 137,3 7,8 2009 2,1 16,7 2,1 18,7 5,1 1,8 -4,5 2,2 -7,1 2,4 0,42 0,47 20,5 0,17 7,2 0,16 9,7 0,3 -41,2 Yield in tonnes/hectare 2015 % change 20 11,7 17,2 19,4 23 22,3 11,2 6,3 0,16 42,5 6,7 0,15 42,7 -0,7 47,4 -6,6 -7,8 2009 17,9 15,9 1,4 16,1 15,8 1,1 46,9 -7,7 0,26 43,8 0,39 19,6 0,51 21,1 11,1 14,4 18,8 14,3 13,9 46,4 44,1 13,3 45,5 46,3 19 Potato World 2017 • number 3 43 Pagina 46

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